Ernesto de Melo e Castro, Pêndulo, LLEOM, 1961
© Ernesto de Melo e Castro
The late 1960s’ Neo-avant-gardes started to experiment with artistic-poetic artifacts that transcended and challenged definitions and limits of literature and plastic arts. These experiments culminated in the 1970s and 1980s in the practice of experimental poetry in the Ibero-American world that ranges from visual, sound and installation poetry to performance. Strikingly, it was coined at a moment of disparate socio-political developments in the region. The chasm between technological modernization and extreme social inequality produced especially in Latin America contradictions in these two decades. Societies were flooded with industrially produced goods to which only a small part of the population had access. Radio, TV and colored print media increased the circulation of information while repressive regimes in many Latin American countries and the Iberian Peninsula practiced a harsh censorship.